Abrasion – Nedslitning of teeth.
Abscess – pus.
Adhesion – pay, adhere.
Afte – At the mouth yellowish-white ulcers surrounded by a red zone.
Activator – Removable braces to change the relationship between the jaws. Alveoli – The cavity in the jawbone where the tooth root sits. Amalgam – Filling material. An alloy consisting essentially of silver, tin and mercury. Analgesics – Analgesics medicine. Medical history – disease history with the patient’s own illness narrative. Anesthesia – Anesthesia. Local anesthesia, anesthesia given where the surgery will take place. Antibiotics – Medicines given during infection caused by bacteria, penicillin. Apex – Centre of Excellence, such as tooth root end of the clip. Aplasia – Congenital absence of one or more tooth buds. Aspartame – Sweetener available in a range of “light” products.
B Splint – plastic strip used for grinding.
Bifurcation – Sharing site on a tooth with two or more roots (see Furcation).
Bitewing – An x-ray where the tooth crowns in the top and bottom jaw visible on the same image, to see how caries or bone level in relation to the tooth.
Bitewing is the image that most often taken for routine monitoring.
Bridge, bridge – replacement of one or more missing teeth.
Attaches to adjacent teeth with the artificial tooth hanging in between.
Serves as a “bridge” over the tooth gap.
Bruxism – Tooth grinding, tooth-pressing.
Spool – Saliva neutralizes making it less acidic.
C Candida – fungal disease which in some cases can cause redness and burning of the mouth.
Carisolv – Reddish gel that can be used to remove tooth decay without drilling.
Cement – the material used in the fitting of crowns and bridges.
Composit – Tooth-colored filling material made of plastic.
D Decubitus – Blisters caused by pressure from dentures.
Partial denture – See Partial.
Demineralization – mineral salts lost from the tooth surface eg a caries attack.
Dental – Listen to the teeth, comes from the word dent (tooth).
Dentin – dentin.
The hard tissue that forms the bulk of the tooth, the enamel layer inside.
Depuration – Removal of calculus.
Diastema – Space between two teeth.
E Enamel – The hard outer layer of the tooth, the body’s hardest tissue.
Endodontics – Diseases of tandpulpan and its treatment, root canal treatment.
Erosion – Loss of tooth structure by chemical and / or mechanical stress.
Eruption – teething.
Extraction – Extraction.
F Facade Crown – A crown, where the visible portion is made of tooth colored materials.
Fissure – The grooves in the tooth, most commonly on the chewing surfaces.
Fissurförsegling – Thin plastic is placed on fissures to prevent bacteria sticking there.
Fluoride – Element with caries-inhibiting effect.
Frenulum – Heavy Band, lip bands.
Fructose – Fructose.
Full crown – crown of gold, ceramic dental technician produces and which encloses the natural tooth’s crown.
Furcation – The place where the tooth roots divide (see Bifurcation).
Furkationsinvolvering – periodontal pocket reaches into the furcations.
G Gingiva – Gums.
Gingivitis – inflammation of the gums.
Glass ionomers – Tooth-colored filling materials that emit fluoride.
Glossitis – Inflammation of the tongue.
Gold – Precious metal used by the dental technician to produce crowns and fillings.
Gutta-percha – Rubber materials to perform root canal teeth.
H Full denture – Removable prosthesis, “false teeth”, which replaces teeth in toothless jaw.
Herpes – Virus which can cause blisters in the mouth and lips.
High-speed – drilling machine that rotates at high speed and cooled with water.
Hypoplasia – During the development of organs or tissue.
Health Declaration – A form the patient fills in covering past and current health status and any medications you take.
Hanging broled – Part of a bridge (bridge) that replaces a missing tooth.
In Implants – Here: titanium (fixture) that have cleared fixed in the jaw.
Implant – Bridge which is attached to the fixture, (see KBF-bridge).
Infection – Invasive in the body of live infectious agent, such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi.
Inflammation – Tissue reaction causing swelling, redness, warmth, and sometimes pain.
Can be a reaction to such as infection or injury.
Initial Caries – A small, shallow hole in the tooth, “beginning to decay” (see Kritk Aries).
Interdentalt – space between teeth.
Inter Dental Toothbrush – Small “bottle brush” to clean between the teeth.
Intraoral – The oral cavity.
Intraoral radiograph – Radiograph taken inside the oral cavity.
J Jacket crown – Older term for full crown in porcelain.
K Caries – tooth decay.
Cavity – cavity, eg caused by caries.
KBF-bridge – jawbone-anchored bridge or implant.
Ceramics – Hard material used for the manufacture of crowns and fillings as a dental technician obtained.
Chlorhexidine – Germicidal liquid mouthwash.
Cofferdam – rubber sheets wrapped around the tooth to prevent saliva leakage, is used in root canal treatment and filling therapy.
Composite – See Composit.
Kritk Aries – A small caries usually not repaired, then there is only the outer portion of tooth enamel.
Looks whiter than the surrounding teeth and are therefore called “kritk Aries” (see initial caries).
Crown – the part of the tooth that is normally seen in the oral cavity and is composed of dentin and enamel.
Crown is also used to describe the compensation for a lost tooth crown, such as gold crown, or all-ceramic crown.
The PSC – The tip, the tips of the teeth chewing surfaces.
Jawbone-anchored – an implant that is attached to the jawbone.
L Lactobacillus – One of the bacteria involved in the formation of dental caries.
M Cold sores – In everyday speech, this includes both ulcers and blisters in the mouth.
The causes of cold sores can be viral infections, sores of poorly fitting denture, afte and more.
If a wound does not heal, you should always consult their dentist.
Dry mouth – Reduced saliva production makes you a dry mouth. The reason may be nervousness, medication, illness, damage to the salivary glands that produce saliva.
N Sodium fluoride – NaF, fluoride compound that occurs in particular fluoride tablets and toothpaste.
Sodium chloride – NaCl, sodium chloride, used in normal saline for flushing.
Nikotinstomatit – tongue frenulum of the palate that occur as a result of smoking.
O Occlusion – Contact The relationship between your teeth when you bite together.
Dentistry – The doctrine of the teeth and their diseases.
Oral – belonging to the mouth.
Ortopantomogram, OPG – Overview X-ray, panoramic x-rays, taken with a special x-ray machine. The picture is taken outside the mouth and shows both jaws and all the teeth.
Orthodontics – Orthodontics.
osteitis – inflammation of the bone.
P Panoramic Radiography – See Ortopantomogram.
Papilla – the part of the gums that normally fills the space between the teeth.
Periodontal disease – periodontitis.
Periodontics – The study of periodontal diseases.
Partial – Partial denture.
Removable prosthesis replacing teeth in partially toothless jaw.
Pathogen – pathogenicity.
Dental services – pediatric dentistry.
Perkussionsöm – If a tooth is sore when you “tap” on it.
Permanent teeth – Adult Teeth, 32 pcs.
Plaque – plaque on teeth.
Plaque Index – Measuring the teeth.
Postoperative – Following surgery.
Prepare – Prepare. For example, with drilling to prepare a tooth for a filling or crown.
Primary teeth – milk teeth, 20. Prophylaxis – prevention measure.
Prosthesis – Compensation for loss of body part such as teeth, (See Full denture and Partial).
Protesstomatit – Inflammation of the lining for a prosthesis.
Prosthodontics – Oral prosthetics, the manufacture of dentures, teeth or bridges.
Temporary measure – temporary, such as filling, (see cover dressing).
Pulp – Nerve and vascular strands of the tooth’s interior.
Pulpit – Inflammation of the pulp (nerve).
Pus – Var. Thin-or thick yellowish fluid, containing living and dead white blood cells, bacteria and dead tissue cells.
Q R Remineralisation – Re-mineralization of the superficial caries of the enamel by the precipitation of calcium and phosphate salts from saliva.
Retraction – Gingival retraction. The gums pull back because of inflammation of the gums, can be caused by too hard toothbrush, incorrect brushing method, and more.
Root – The portion of the tooth that sits in the jawbone. A tooth can have one to three roots. Tooth root key element is the dentin.
Rotfraktur – Crack in or on the root.
Root canal – The cavity inside the tooth that contains nerves and blood vessels.
Root canal – sealing of the tooth root canal after pulp (nerve) removed.
X-ray – An x-ray used to see dental caries, periodontal disease, lesions in the jaws, jaws development and more.
S Sucrose – Sugar, best starting point for oral bacteria acid formation.
Saliva Stone – Tartar that forms above the gumline.
Secondary Caries – Cavities in connection with a crown or an old filling.
Status – A dental status shows, for example, the number of caries present. A periodontal status indicates the state of the gums and jawbone.
Streptococcus mutans – One of the bacteria involved in the formation of dental caries.
Stimulated saliva – Increased salivary flow induced by chewing.
Stomatitis – Inflammation of mouth slem membranes.
Suture – thread used to sew the tissue after a surgical procedure.
Suture – Stitch.
Yeast Infection – Candido.
Infection of the mucosa caused by Candida albicans.
T Dental Hygienist – professionals involved in the preventive dental care.
Periodontal Pocket – Clearance around the tooth on one side bounded by the tooth surface and the other side of the gumline.
Calculus – calcified plaque on the teeth.
Dental technicians – professionals involved in the production of replacement teeth such as crowns, bridges, dentures and braces.
Titanium – the metal which is used as implants.
Cod – Candida infection, fungal infection.
Trauma – Injury by external force, such as cases or kinds.
Tungpapill – Slemhinneupphöjning the heavy lining.
Heavy Back – The back of the tongue. Cover the joints – Provisional (temporary) fill.
U Ultrasound – Sound high frequency. Used for removal of calculus.
V Vilosaliv – saliva produced when chewing muscles, cheeks and tongue is held still. Wisdom Teeth – The last cheek tooth.
W X Xerostomia – Dry mouth due to lack of saliva secretion.
Xylitol – Sweet Birch. Used as sugar substitutes and can not be used by oral bacteria for formation of acids. Y Z